Information on LATAM Airlines
LATAM Airlines is a merger of LAN.com and TAM airlines.
LAN was established on 5th March 1929 in Santiago de Chile as LanChile ( LAN being short for Línea Aérea Nacional) and was nationalised in 1932. The first flights in 1929 were operated from Santiago de Chile to Arica and Puerto Montt. First aeroplanes were of the types De Havilland D.H.60, Gipsy Moth, Junkers R42 and Vickers Vedette.
Initial scheduled services flew to Argentina and later to the USA as well as Tahiti, to Easter Island and Australia and then from 1980, the company operated flights to Europe. Since then it operates daily flights from Frankfurt to Santiago de Chile with a stop over in Madrid.
In September 1989 LanChile was privatised and shortly after bought up its largest competitor Ladeco. Former Ladeco’s flights are today operated by LanChile’s subsidiary company LanExpress. From 1989, the company underwent a comprehensive fleet renewal and founded LanPeru, LanEcuador and Landominicana. Besides the latter, the subsidiaries operate domestic fligths as well as non-stop services to the USA and Spain. The newest subsidiary is LanArgentina offering domestic connections along with international flights from and to Argentina. Close cooperation with American Airlines paved the way for LanChile’s membership of the oneworld-Allianz, to which Aer Lingus, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Finnair, Iberia and Qantas belong along with American Airlines and LanChile (and the future not yet integrated airline Malev Hungarian Airlines, JAL Japan Airlines and Royal Jordanian). Lan operates codesharing flights together with American Airlines, British Airways, Iberia, Qantas and LanPeru. Other cooperation partners are Alaska Airlines, Japan Airlines, Aeroméxico and Mexicana. The company also has a frequent flyer programme by the name of "LanPass".
In April 2004 LanChile renamed itself LAN, in order to clarify that the Airline operates in a number of countries as a sort of alliance, where the subsidiaries in Peru, Ecuador and Argentina are still in the ownership of the Chilean company and not really partners. The country name behind the abbreviation was dropped and a new corporate identity was introduced.
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